Tuesday, January 24, 2023

From the Greek words melas (μέλας) meaning “black” and kholē (χολή) meaning “bile,” it was once believed that when one's spleen produced an excess of “black bile,” that person felt a particular sense of gloom. An ancient Greek school of medicine called “humorism” taught that body fluids (or “humors”) directly influenced a person’s mood. And so when the black bile was flowing, you felt melancholy.