Wednesday, April 6, 2022

The Hebrew word יין (yayin) means "wine." According to Genesis 9:20, Noah was the "first to plant a vineyard," thereby making him the first vintner, or producer of wine in the Hebrew Bible. Noah also holds the honor or being the first person to become drunk in the Hebrew Bible as Genesis 9:21 states that sometime after the deluge, Noah "drank some of the wineיין) and became drunk," an event that ultimately leads to the cursing of Ham's son Canaan. In addition to being a product for human consumption, wine is also a sacrificial element. For example, Numbers 15:7 states: "And as a drink offering you shall offer one-third of a hin of wineיין), a pleasing odor to the LORD." The Hebrew word יין (yayin) also holds the distinction of being one of the few words that was so universally popular that it relatively maintained its pronunciation over time and through the multiple languages where it was acceptable to drink, as the Hebrew yayin became wine in English, vino in Spanish and Italian, вино (vino) in Russian, wijn in Dutch, vin in Swedish, Wein in German, and was, of course, and οίνος (oínos) in ancient Greek.